Our Faces Print was inspired by Chilean artist Gracia Barrios whom Maria discovered when she traveled back to Chile. This custom print pays homage to powerful and independent women who have made significant contributions to society. A few of the women we are inspired by include Grace Hopper, the inventor of computer language, civil rights leader Coretta Scott King, Dr. Barbara Ross, the first African American, woman appointed to be dean of an American medical school, Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross and feminist, journalist, and social political activist Gloria Steinem.
Learn more about some of the incredible women that served as inspiration for our Faces Print, below.
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Grace Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she pioneered computer programming and invented one of the first compiler related tools. She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today. In 1973, Hopper was named a distinguished fellow of the British Computer Society, then the first and only woman to hold the title. In 2016, Hopper was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King was an American Civil Rights Movement leader, activist, mother and wife of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King played a prominent role in the years after her husband's assassination in 1968 when she took on the leadership of the struggle for racial equality herself and became active in the Women's Movement. King established the King Center, a memorial which focused on protecting and advancing her husband’s legacy, and sought to make her husband’s birthday a national holiday. Her hard work eventually materialized in a federal holiday in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., which was signed into law in 1983.
You can learn more about The King Center here: http://thekingcenter.org/about-mrs-king/
Dr. Barbara Ross
Dr. Barbara Ross is a Detroit-born physician. Initially discouraged from majoring in human anatomy and pursuing medicine, Dr. Ross graduated from medical school as a single-mother and remained in Detroit as a family practitioner. She took a position with the United States Department of Health and Human Services where she worked on medical education and people of color in medicine. She was the first osteopathic physician to receive the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowship. In 1993, she was appointed the dean of the Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine at Ohio University, a position she held until 2001 and which made her the first African-American woman to become a medical school dean. After leaving Heritage, she became the vice president of Health Sciences and Medical Affairs at the New York Institute of Technology; in 2002, she became dean of its New York College of Osteopathic Medicine.
Fun fact: she is Diana Ross’ sister! Talk about an impressive family…
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was born in Brooklyn, New York. She earned her bachelor's degree at Cornell University, and became a wife and mother before starting law school at Harvard, where she was one of the few women in her class. Ginsburg transferred to Columbia Law School, where she graduated, tying for first in her class. Following law school, she was a professor at Rutgers Law School and Columbia Law School, teaching civil procedure as one of the few women in her field. Ginsburg spent a considerable part of her legal career as an advocate for the advancement of gender equality and women's rights, winning multiple victories arguing before the Supreme Court. She advocated as a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union and was a member of its board of directors and one of its general counsels in the 1970s. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, where she served until her appointment to the Supreme Court by President Bill Clinton. She is the second female justice of four to be confirmed to the court.
Ginsburg has received attention in American popular culture, dubbed the "Notorious R.B.G.", and as the subject of a feature-length film and a documentary about her life.
Clara Barton’s lifetime dedicated to humanitarian work is noteworthy at a time when relatively few women worked outside the home. Barton established the first free school in Bordentown, New Jersey, only to resign when she discovered that the school had hired a man at twice her salary. After, she was hired as a recording clerk at the US Patent Office in Washington, DC, the first woman appointed to such a post. Barton helped distribute needed supplies to the Union Army during the American Civil War, earning herself a reputation as the “angel of the battlefield” paving the way to later found the disaster relief organization, the American Red Cross. Barton remained with the Red Cross until 1904, attending national and international meetings, aiding with disasters, helping the homeless and poor, and writing about her life and the Red Cross. She was also an ardent supporter of women’s suffrage. In 1904, she established the National First Aid Association of America, an organization that emphasized emergency preparedness and developed first aid kits. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1973. Her Glen Echo, Maryland home became a National Historic Site in 1975, the first dedicated to the achievements of a woman.
Gloria Steinem is an American writer, speaker, activist and feminist organizer who became nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the American feminist movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Steinem helped found New York magazine where she was a political columnist, and was the co-founder of Ms. Magazine. Ms. Steinem helped to found the Women's Action Alliance, a pioneering national information center that specialized in nonsexist, multiracial children's education, and the National Women's Political Caucus, a group that continues to work to advance the numbers of pro-equality women in elected and appointed office at a national and state level. She co-founded, alongside Jane Fonda, and Robin Morgan, the Women's Media Center, an organization that works "to make women visible and powerful in the media". Steinem has been the co-founder of numerous other organizations including Voters for Choice and Ms. Foundation for Women.
Currently, Steinem travels internationally as an organizer and lecturer, and is a media spokeswoman on issues of equality.
You can learn more about Gloria’s work and incredible accomplishments at www.gloriasteinem.com
Sources: Wikipedia, WomensHistory.org